Thursday, August 13, 2009

Haaye Ram Teri Ganga Bahut Maili

Haaye Ram Teri Ganga Bahut Maili
“Over 14 million liters of raw sewage with floating fecal matter flow into the Ganga every day at Haridwar from just two drains,” said Dr. Anil Gautam, Head, Environmental Quality Monitoring Group at People’s Science Institute (PSI) in Dehra Doon. Dr. Gautam was releasing the results of a survey undertaken by his team in Haridwar last month. (See attached data sheet.) These drains are at Lalta Rao bridge (S-3 in the map) and at Jwalapur (S-5).
It may be recalled that in response to a question in the Vidhan Sabha last month, Shri B.S. Chufal, Uttarakhand’s Minister for Environment emphatically declared that no sewage flows directly into the Ganga at any point.
According to Shri R.K. Joshi of the Ganga Pollution Control Unit in Haridwar six major drains and over a dozen small ones empty straight into the River Ganga at Haridwar. PSI’s team measured the effluents quality at nine outfalls (marked S-1 to S-9 on the map). “These drains carry about 20 tons of organic matter, almost 37.5 tons of suspended solids and about 24,000 trillion fecal coliform into the river every day and pollute it,” says Dr. Gautam. “It is amazing that the quality of effluents coming out of the Sewage Treatment Plant at Jagjeetpur (S-9) is almost the same as that of the untreated effluents flowing into the Ganga from the other drains,” he added.
Drain S-1, upstream of Har-ki-Pauri, releases about 2.4 million liters per day (MLD) into the Ganga. These effluents contain 31.3 million fecal coliform per 100 ml. and a BOD content of 140 mg/liter. This is a serious health hazard for millions of devotees who bathe at the Ghats and perform other rituals. The situation is critical since over 50 million devotees are expected to visit Haridwar during the Maha Kumbh next year to bathe in the river. It is still not clear if any of the Rs.400 crores special grant from the Central Government will be spent on ensuring that the river is pollution free during the mela.
Everyday the nine drains studied release over 80 million liters of wastewater into the river. The fecal coliform count in these drains ranges from 11.79 to 51.79 million/100ml. and the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) varies between 80 to 465 mg/l. The BOD values obtained from all the sites are much higher than the standard limit of 30 mg/l set by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) for treated waste water. The BOD value of the treated wastewater released into the Ganga from the sewage treatment plant at Jagjeetpur, set up under the Ganga Action Plan, is 180 mg/l, six times higher than CPCB’s standard limit.
Word Count: 444
For further information please contact: Dr. Anil Gautam, 9412176896 (M)
Mr. Pavitra Singh, 9410706109 (M)

Water Quality of sewer drains joining the River Ganga at Haridwar

Site Code



BOD (mg/l)

COD (mg/l)

TSS (mg/l)

FC,(million/100 ml)

Daily discharge (MLD)


Sewer drain before fall out into the Ganga Canal d/s of LokNath Ghat







Laltarao bridge Nala fall out into Ganga d/s Gujrala Bhawan







Sewer drain fall out into Lalatarao bridge Nala come from Vishnu Bhawan side







Kassaban Nala, Jwalapur *







Sewer drain at Jwalapur *







BHEL Nala at Jwalapur *







Ranipur drain d/s Sanskrit Bhawan ,Ranipur mod







Jagjeetpur Nala near Matri Sadan fall out into Ganga river






Jagjeetpur STP final out let before confluence with the River Ganga





18 (as per STP capacity)

Abbreviations: BOD-Biological Oxygen Demand, COD-Chemical Oxygen Demand, TSS-Total Suspended Solids, FC-Fecal Coliform, MLD- million liter per day

* Drainages are falling into upper Ganga Canal

source: Peoples' Science Institute, 252/I Vasant Vihar, Dehra Doon 248006, Uttarakhand. INDIA
phone: +91 135 2773849; 2763649, fax: +91 135 2763186, 2762516,,

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Dr. G. D. Agrawal Scientist and Rishi

Dr. G. D. Agrawal Scientist and Rishi

Meeting Dr. G. D. Agrawal in his spartan, two room cottage in Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, you would never guess what an accomplished and distinguished scientist he is – first Member-Secretary of the Government of India’s Central Pollution Control Board, former Head of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at IIT Kanpur and a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley. The list goes on and on.

Yet this eminent professional sweeps his own floors, washes his own clothes and cooks his own meals. He retains only a few possessions and dresses in homespun khadi. At the age of 76, his main mode of transport within Chitrakoot is a bicycle and when he travels further afield, he goes by ordinary bus and second-class train. These are the deliberate choices of a devout Hindu whose deepest values are for simplicity and reverence for nature. Dr G.D. Agrawal is the doyen of environmental engineering professionals in India. Well past retirement, he continues to teach and inspire students as an Honorary Professor of Environmental Sciences at the Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, in Chitrakoot (M.P.).

Dr Agrawal is a much sought-after EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) consultant and a Director of Envirotech Instruments (P) Limited, New Delhi – a company that he established with some of his former students from IIT-Kanpur. He is an engineer’s engineer, the person senior professionals turn to for solutions to difficult technical problems. At CPCB he was instrumental in shaping India’s pollution control regulatory structure. He has been a member of various official committees for policy-making and administrative mechanisms to improve India’s environmental quality.

Dr Agrawal is a legendary and inspiring teacher whose students remember him with awe, admiration and affection. In 2002, his former students at IIT-Kanpur conferred on him the Best Teacher Award. He has guided scores of Masters and Doctoral students who are now leaders in the field of environmental engineering and science. Among his more prominent students was the late Anil Agrawal, the trail-blazing founder of the Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi.

Dr Agrawal has been deeply committed to supporting rural development initiatives grounded in scientific methodology. Among others, he has helped mentor well-known development activists like Dunu Roy (IIT-Bombay,’67) of The Hazards Centre, New Delhi, Dr Ravi Chopra (IIT-Bombay,’68) of People’s Science Institute, Dehra Doon and Rajendra Singh, a Magsaysay awardee and founder of Tarun Bharat Sangh.

Born in a farming family in Kandhla (Muzaffarnagar district, U.P.) in 1932, he did his schooling locally and graduated in Civil Engineering from the University of Roorkee (now IIT-Roorkee).

He started his career as a Design Engineer in the Irrigation Department, Uttar Pradesh and later obtained a Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. He has dozens of scientific publications to his credit. Dr Agrawal is both deeply religious and rigorously scientific.

His passionate devotion to the River Ganga comes from his strong Hindu faith; his conviction that we are staring at an unprecedented ecological and cultural catastrophe comes from his powerfully logical mind. As a citizen and a patriot, he has made it his life’s mission to recall India to its glorious traditional reverence for nature and to share that wisdom with the “developed” world. His sense of his duty allows him to do no less.